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ALGAE > Volume 18(3); 2003 > Article
ALGAE 2003;18(3): 207-215. doi: https://doi.org/10.4490/ALGAE.2003.18.3.207
Dynamics of Phytoplankton Community in Youngsan River
Yong Jae Kim
Department of Life Science, DaeJin University
ABSTRACT
Dynamics of phytoplankton communities were investigated at five stations in Youngsan River from December 1995 to November 1996. Phytoplankton were identified to the total of 466 taxa, which were composed of 136 genera, 438 species, 27 varieties and 1 forma. The standing crops ranged 1,163-50,765 cells·㎖-1 during the investigation periods. The variation of classes was in order to Chrysophyceae-Bascillariophyceae-Chlorophyceae at St. 1 and was only Bacillariophyceae at the other stations. The dominant species were 12 taxa including Aulacoseira ambigua, A. garnulata, Cyclotella meneghiniana, C. pseudostelligera, Chlorella vulgaris, Dinobryon sertularia, Flagilaria elliptica, Monoraphidium contortum, Micractinium pusillum, Nitzschia palea, Scenedesmus grahneisii and Stephanodiscus hantzschii f. tenuis. The standing crops of dominant species ranged from 10.6% to 94.7%. The genus Dinobryon in Chrysophyceae was dominant species at St. 1 in December 1995, but not recorded in the other months. The dominant species were composed with the planktonic diatoms from winter to spring and were the tychoplanktonic and the benthic species at St. 2-5 from summer to fall. The relationships between total standing crops and water temperature, pH, NH₄, NO₂, NO₃ and PO₄ showed low positive or negative coefficients. Stephanodiscus hantzschii f. tenuis had low positive or negative coefficients with water temperature, NH₄, NO₂, NO₃ and PO₄. The fluctuations of standing crops in the Youngsan river phytoplankton community were not caused by a single factor but controlled by the complex factors with interaction between phytoplankton community and envirowmental factors.
Key words: benthic species, dynamics, phytoplankton, tychoplankton, Youngsan river


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