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ALGAE > Volume 19(4); 2004 > Article
ALGAE 2004;19(4): 329-337. doi: https://doi.org/10.4490/ALGAE.2004.19.4.329
Monthly Variations of Phytoplankton Communities in the Mid and Lower Parts of the Nakdong River
Yong Jae Kim
ABSTRACT
Monthly variations of phytoplankton communities were conducted to the investigation at five stations in mid and lower parts of the Nakdong River from December 1995 to November 1996. The phytoplankton communities were identified a total 456taxa which were composed of 136 genera, 427 species, 27 varieties and 2 forma. The standing crops of phytoplankton communities ranged from 2.7 to 52.8 (10³)cells·ml during the investigation periods. Bacillariophyceae was the dominant classes at all stations. The dominant species were 7taxa and the standing crops of these ranged from 18.3 to 95.1% of the standing crops of phytoplankton communities. The dominant species in the mid parts (st. 1, 2) of this river system were benthic species such as Navicula gregaria, N. viridula var. rostellata and Nitzschia palea, however it was planktonic species (Stephan discus hantzschii, Golenkinia radiata) and meroplanktonic species (Aulacoseira ambigua, A. granulata) in the lower parts (st. 3, 4, 5). The seasonal variations of the dominant species in the lower parts were appeared to the planktonic species (S. hantzschii) from winter to spring, and were the meroplanktonic species (A. ambigua and A. granulata) in from summer to fall. The lower parts of the Nakdong river were entropic states because the dominant species were composed A. ambigua, A. granulate and S. hantzschii which were indicators of entropic water quality. The interrelationships between total standing crops and environmental factors(water temperature, pH, NH, NO, NO and PO) were low positive or negative coefficients. S. hantzschii had low positive or negative relations with water temperature, NH, NO, NO and PO. As the result, the variations of standing crops of phytoplankton were not caused by a single factor but controlled by the complex factors.
Key words: autrophic water; indicator; meroplankton; Nakdong river; phytoplankton


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