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ALGAE > Volume 22(3); 2007 > Article
ALGAE 2007;22(3): 247-252. doi: https://doi.org/10.4490/algae.2007.22.3.247
Purification and Anticoagulant Activity of a Fucoidan from Korean Undaria pinnatifida Sporophyll
Woo-Jung Kim1, Sung-Min Kim1, Hyun Guell Kim1, Hye-Rim Oh2, Kyung-Bok Lee2, Yoo-Kyung Lee3 and Yong-Il Park1*

1Deptartment of Biotechnology and The Biomaterial Engineering Research Center, The Catholic University of Korea, 43-1 Yokkok 2-dong, Wonmi-gu, Bucheon, Gyeonggi-do 420-743, Korea
2Deptartment of Biochemistry, Konyang university, Konyang University Hospital 685, Gasuwn-dong, Daejeon, 302-718, Korea
3Polar BioCenter, Korea Polar Research Institute, KORDI, Songdo Techno Park, 994 Dongchun-dong, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 406-103, Korea
ABSTRACT
Crude fucoidan was extracted from the sporophyll of Korean Undaria pinnatifida collected at a coastal area of Wando, Korea, mainly by dilute acid extraction, ethanol precipitation, CaCl2 precipitation, with an yield of approximately 3.9% in mass. It was further purified by DEAE-cellulose column chromatography and its chemical composition and in vitro anticoagulant activity was determined. The average molecular mass of the purified fucoidan was estimated about 2.1 × 103 kDa by size-fractionation HPLC and it consisted of neutral sugar (52.34% in mass), uronic acid (26.2%), and sulfate esters (7.4%). From the HPAEC-PAD analysis, the monosaccharide composition of the purified fucoidan was shown to be fucose, galactose, xylose, and mannose, with a molar ratio of 1, 0.2, 0.02, 0.15, respectively, demonstrating that major monosaccharide was fucose (72.3% in mol percentage) and other sugars, xylose (1.5%), galactose (14.6%), and mannose (10.9%) were present as minor component. The results suggested that this fucoidan is a sulfated, U-type fucoidan. The activated partial thrombloplastin time (APTT) assay of the purified fucoidan showed that the purified fucoidan elicited anticoagulant activity in a dose-dependent manner. Five μg of sporophyll fucoidan delayed the blood clotting time up to 5 times than untreated control and also up to 1.5 times than the same amount of the commercial fucoidan, respectively. Although it is preliminary, these results suggest that the fucoidan of Korean Undaria pinnatifida sporophyll would be promising candidates for the development of an anticoagulant.
Key words: anticoagulant, fucoidan, sporophyll, Undaria pinnatifida


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