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ALGAE > Volume 28(4); 2013 > Article
ALGAE 2013;28(4): 343-354. doi: https://doi.org/10.4490/algae.2013.28.4.343
Growth and ingestion rates of heterotrophic dinoflagellates and a ciliate on the mixotrophic dinoflagellate Biecheleria cincta
Yeong Du Yoo1,*, Eun Young Yoon2, Kyung Ha Lee3, Nam Seon Kang3 and Hae Jin Jeong3

1Marine Biology Research Division, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0202, USA
2Advanced Institutes of Convergence Technology, Seoul National University-Gyeonggi Province, Suwon 443-270, Korea
3School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, College of Natural Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747, Korea
*Corresponding Author  Email: ydyoo@ucsd.edu
ABSTRACT
To explore the interactions between the mixotrophic dinoflagellate Biecheleria cincta (previously Woloszynskia cincta) and heterotrophic protists, we investigated whether the common heterotrophic dinoflagellates Gyrodinium dominans, Gyrodinium moestrupii, Gyrodinium spirale, Oxyrrhis marina, and Polykrikos kofoidii, and the ciliate Strobilidium sp. were able to feed on B. cincta. We also measured growth and ingestion rates of O. marina and Strobilidium sp. on B. cincta as a function of prey concentration. In addition, these rates were measured for other predators at single prey concentrations at which the growth and ingestion rates of O. marina and Strobilidium sp. were saturated. All grazers tested in the present study were able to feed on B. cincta. B. cincta clearly supported positive growth of O. marina, G. dominans, and Strobilidium sp., but it did not support that of G. moestrupii, G. spirale, and P. kofoidii. The maximum growth rates of Strobilidium sp. and O. marina on B. cincta (0.91 and 0.49 d-1, respectively) were much higher than that of G. dominans (0.07 d-1). With increasing the mean prey concentration, the specific growth rates of O. marina and Strobilidium sp. on B. cincta increased, but either became saturated or slowly increased. The maximum ingestion rate of Strobilidium sp. (1.60 ng C predator-1 d-1) was much higher than that of P. kofoidii and O. marina (0.55 and 0.34 ng C predator-1 d-1) on B. cincta. The results of the present study suggest that O. marina and Strobilidium sp. are effective protistan grazers of B. cincta.
Key words: graze; growth; harmful algal bloom; ingestion; protist; red tide


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